The former Maratha ruled cities of Baroda, Indore, Gwalior, and Tanjore have had sizable Marathi speaking populations for centuries.Marathi is also spoken by Maharashtrian emigrants to other parts of India and overseas.His contemporary, Namdev composed verses or abhang in Marathi as well as Hindi.

The Līḷācarītra is thought to be the first biography written in the Marathi language.

Mahimbhatta's second important literary work is the Shri Govindaprabhucharitra or Rudhipurcharitra, a biography of Shri Chakradhar Swami's guru, Shri Govind Prabhu. The Mahanubhava sect made Marathi a vehicle for the propagation of religion and culture.

There were 73 million speakers in 2007; Marathi ranks 19th in the list of most spoken languages in the world.

Marathi has the fourth largest number of native speakers in India, after Hindi, Bengali and Telugu, in that order.

Marathi had attained a venerable place in court life by the time of the Seuna kings.

During the reign of the last three Seuna kings, a great deal of literature in verse and prose, on astrology, medicine, Puranas, Vedanta, kings and courtiers were created.

Mukundaraja bases his exposition of the basic tenets of the Hindu philosophy and the yoga marga on the utterances or teachings of Shankaracharya.

Mukundaraja's other work, Paramamrta, is considered the first systematic attempt to explain the Vedanta in the Marathi language Notable examples of Marathi prose are "Līḷācarītra" (), events and anecdotes from the miracle filled life of Chakradhar Swami of the Mahanubhava sect compiled by his close disciple, Mahimbhatta, in 1238.

Mahanubhava literature generally comprises works that describe the incarnations of gods, the history of the sect, commentaries on the Bhagavad Gita, poetical works narrating the stories of life of Krishna and grammatical and etymological works that are deemed useful to explain the philosophy of sect.